War has always been fought over terrain. Sun Tzu touched on the concept of "non-geographic terrain" in the third chapter of "The Art of War."
The first two things to attack are not geographic or formation specific (although they can be, depending on how you want to attack plans and political alliances). These exist in the "human terrain." Today we look at this and call it "Information Warfare" or "Lawfare" depending on how it is accomplished.
It is best to attack your enemies plans.
It is next best to attack your enemies alliances.
It is next best to attack your enemies Army.
It is worst to attack your enemies cities.
Today we have something that Master Tzu could not have dreamed of, instantaneous worldwide communications. From round the world radio, satellite, telephone, and internet capabilities there exists the shared infrastructure that every government (and non-government groups and individuals) use to do things like "planning" and forming political alliances.
Imagine for a moment that you are the chief of a tribe in Ozztailia, and some government entity wants to put a bridge across a river on your tribal land. For some reason you do not want this bridge, how would you go about it?
According to Sun Tzu the best thing to do is to attack the enemies plans. This means that the enemy has to have some level of planning, such as a budget set aside for the bridge. The tribe could bring legal challenge after legal challenge to the bridge construction so that it becomes cost prohibitive for the government, this is using Lawfare to attack the plan. Alternately the tribe could attack weak points between the Bridge Building Government Division and the Environmental Stewardship Division, in essence attacking the alliance. When the bridge guys have to fight the people they are "nominally allied" to they are probably not going to be fighting you.
If anyone is following the recent rash of "registered helicopter landing pads" in rural areas where the wind energy companies are trying to build windmills, this is a form of attacking the enemies alliances. Once the FAA recognizes a helo pad, then it is a DOE/FAA fight, not an old farmer against a relentless corporataion.
All of what I wrote above is background information for what I really want to write about, neutralizing a technological advantage. Say that the security for the construction site building this bridge is a series of wireless IR cameras. How would you defeat that? I wouldn't blow them up. I'd just find out what frequency the cameras are transmitting back to the base station on and then jam the heck out of it.
Ever wonder how important electrical engineers and hobby radio folks could be in a high tech insurgency? When you think about all the wireless data links that modern forces rely on, then you understand that denying those links is important. In WWII US radio operators complained that German forces would jam their radio frequencies and make them change channels constantly. A Hollywood starlet (and a much better looking woman than half the current crop) by the name of Hedy Lamar worked with a musician to use the principle of player piano roll to automatically change frequencies, and thus the concept of "Frequency Hopping" was born.
Now if you want to jam a "frequency hopping" radio you have to either know the hops, or jam the whole spectrum (jammers are like machine guns or indirect, if what you are doing isn't having the desired effect you need to use more). And that is how you frustrate your enemies plans, by denying them terrain through information operations or lawfare, or denying their tactical decision making capabilities.
|Spot the error in logic. Give up? There are only two weapons listed.|
Other than the two dudes standing and kneeling, everything else is just a tool
Right now the lawyers are arguing about where civilian hacking transitions into an act of war. So far no one has a good answer to that and I don't have anything meaningful to add to that argument.
The picture I found on my timeline on Facebook. It isn't that a rifle and a pistol can beat the entire might of the US Armed forces. And while someone posted that "they have silhouettes of civilian planes" I happen to know that those "civilian planes" are actually special purpose aircraft which have some pretty awesome capabilities (even the loach is good for spotting arty and recon). The point is that other than two guys, everything on that poster is just a tool. And a tool doesn't do the work, a weapon doesn't win the fight.
Think. Understand the box, think inside and outside the box. Turn thoughts into understanding. Turn understanding into action.